Discovery of Homo Floresiensis Fossils the ‘Hobbit’ in Indonesia.
On September 2003, there was a discovery that horrendous the world of science, in which the fossils are known as Homo Floresiensis, expected to be the extinct species of the Homo genus. Due to its size, Homo Floresiensis fossils are nicknamed the ‘Hobbit’, as in J.R.R Tolkien’s character in his fiction books. The joint Australian and Indonesian researchers announced the discovery of the Flores hobbit from the Liang Bua cave on the remote area of Flores Island, Indonesia.
Further Research on Homo Floresienis Fossils
The fossils represent the small-bodied homo which is now widely known as the ‘Hobbit and this discovery left dispute among scientists worldwide and unending controversies until today. Fossils of Homo Floresiensis are called tiny adult, with the age between 13,000 to 19,000 and considered modern human in the Old or New World era. The condition of the fossils creates a dispute on whether the Hobbit has intellectual disability.
Critics point that the specimen is considered as extinct human with small brain, short body and intellectual disability. Some further researches have been conducted to test the distinction of normal human brain with those with microcrephalia to the skull of the fossil. However, a study revealed that Homo Floresiensis that discovered through CT scan actually had a larger brain size, measuring 426 cubic centimeters, or more than one third size of healthy human brain.
Flores Hobbit specimens are predicted to live about 95,000 and 18,000 years ago, with the first female skeleton found LB1 with the most complete structure. Scientists argue that homo floresiensis specimen weighed about 65 to 78 pounds that made them gets their nickname as the hobbit.
International controversies regarding the discovery
International dispute marks serious response towards the discovery in the remote area of Indonesia, after the publication of a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science that argues the Flores hobbit was a modern human who suffered from Down syndrome. Overall, there have been dozens of scientific articles about Homo Floresiensis published and hundreds of stories regarding this discovery.
However, some experts also point out that Homo Floresiensis fossil does not represent modern human as predicted before. It is because the wrist bones of the specimen resembled more apes’ arms. The dispute says more about whether the homo floresiensis fossil represented modern human features or it has monkey-like traits, and this controversy still has no conclusion until today. In addition to the fossils discovery, the researchers also found some of bird fossils that considered as marabou stork, measuring 1.8 meters that lived sometime between 20,000 and 50,000 years ago.